8) The European Renaissance

Ch. 8 The European Reniassance

The School of Athens was a painting by Raphael in which he connects older important people to those from later ages. He can be found in the middle talking to Socrates. (Public Domain photo. Info can be found here)

In this chapter we discuss the many facets of the European Renaissance and the intellectual thought that led to this movement. This is one of the few chapters where a great deal of time is spent speaking of art history (which I am painfully inadequate in discussing). Whenever possible, the students are shown the actual works of art from the artists and much of the quiz on this chapter revolves around matching the specific artist with their particular works of art. Later in the chapter we cover the scientific revolution and speak in broad terms of just how much impact it had on the world as a whole. After discussing science, we move on to the protestant reformation and speak on the effects Martin Luther had on Christianity and religious thought in the modern world. We also make connections between what Luther said and the philosophy of later Europeans that created the modern world. Students always get a kick out of Henry VIII and his reasoning behind the creation of the Church of England near the end of this. Lastly, there is a brief discussion of the age of absolutism as a precursor to the important revolts of the next unit. 

This chapter is one that I am still in the process of developing from the content I have in other formats. Until I am able to make this a Web-based content structure (like that of Ch. 11) I have provided a link below to my class notes. This is only accessible to students in my course, but this will change soon.

Essential Questions

  1. What theological issues led to the Protestant Reformation and what were the unintended consequences of this (both short term and long term)?
  2. What philosophical shift drew Europe out of the Middle Ages and started an explosion of advancements?
  3. In what way was the Protestant Reformation connected to the Investiture Controversy of the previous era? Was this issue used by the Kings for revenge? If so, how?
  4. What were the specific philosophical differences Martin Luther had with the Catholic Church?
  5. Why do you think the men of the Scientific Revolution are so beloved in history despite the fact that they were far from the first to bring these ideas up? What makes them so important?

Chapter Resources

Chapter Notes

Review Assignment

Review Material