Creating The New Government
Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen. (Public Domain photo. Info can be found here)
The National Assembly started to worry about this violence, and since they had become an unofficial government of France at the time, they realized they needed to stop it in some way. The numbers of the Assembly would increase dramatically in the early days of the Revolution, most of which would be lawyers, or in some way connected to the legal profession. The group would officially end Feudalism (August 4th) in an official attempt to take power away from the nobles. This would end all taxes and end the need for attacking nobles to burn the debt paperwork. The rich that hadn’t fled the country often claimed that they wanted to give up their power voluntarily due to their beliefs in enlightenment ideas. Whether this was true or an attempted power grab, these men would largely take control of the revolution for themselves. The National Guard would become a powerful component of the government also, being a group of mostly middle class military men under the leadership of Lafayette.
Lafayette also became an important part of the National Assembly and was tasked with the job of being the architect of the new French constitution. They would create a statement of principles that was called The Declaration of the Rights of Man & the Citizen (1789), which most people think is a constitution but it actually had no legal effect. So this document is a strange balance between a statement with no power
and a constitution, which was how many of the people felt about it. Lafayette would not write this without help though, he received a great deal of help from his friend Thomas Jefferson while creating it.
This Declaration created a Constitutional Monarchy that gave more power to the Assembly than the King, but still worked with the monarchy to an extent. It guaranteed equal rights to all French and protected them from the government. Free African people in Haiti (a French Colony) were told that they were not going to be given these same rights though, which would start problems that led to the Haitian Revolution. The King did have the power, in this Declaration, to veto laws, but this could only delay laws because the Assembly could outvote it. So in essence, this document took nearly all of the Kings power away and made him a speed bump on the way to change.
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