Chapter 2
Unit 1 World History
The Great Sphinx in front of Khafre’s Pyramid in Giza Plataeu. (Public Domain photo. Info can be found here)
The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens. This building was made to commenmorate the victory at Marathon. (Creative Commons photo. Attribution to author and info can be found here)
As societies start to advance from the early Ancient versions they move to some of the more well known civilizations in World History. While students tend to recognize many of the societies of this Classical Era, we cover these societies in a depth that students often struggle with. Many classes may focus nearly all of their time on Greece and Rome, we focus on the entire world and a great deal of time on the interconnectivity of these societies worldwide. Regardless of the amount of time we spend on other societies, it is a difficult task to get students not to want to focus on some of the more popular concepts of this era. Students often say that their favorite topic during the entire year is the discussion about the Spartans and the Persian Wars. For this reason, I do spend a good amount of class time discussing this set of battles. I have decided to remove the religions from this unit due to how much easier it is to compare the different belief systems when they are unified into a single chapter. It may seem strange to cover the Roman Empire without discussions of Christianity and Judaism, but there is a method to the madness of this decision.

Essential questions

The following questions are meant to be studied during the chapter as possible essay questions for your exam.
Please be ready for any of the following questions.
  1. What was the process by which the Roman Republic turned into an Empire and how was this largely the result of the political and social makeup of the Roman Republic?
  2. What do Qin Shi Huangi’s moves as Emperor tell us about the role of harsh laws in societies? Do you think current politicians should be careful of being too Draconian based on this example?
  3. In what ways was classical Persia more similar to the United States than classical Greece was? In what ways was it more different?
  4. Would you say that strategy is the most important thing to focus on if you want to win a war or do you think other facets of war like strength in numbers or supply lines are possibly more important? Support your answer please.

Chapter Content

Use the following links to find the content you are interested in or use the search bar at the top right to look for specific concepts.

Achaemenid Dynasty

Later Persian Empire

Classical Greek Culture

Greek Philosophy

Athens In The Golden Age

Sparta During The Golden Age

The Persian Wars

The Battle Of Thermopylae

Later Battles Of The Persian Wars

After The Persian Wars

Rise Of The Macedonians

Alexander The Great

Fall Of The Macedonians

Early Roman History

Culture Of Rome

The Fatal Flaw in Rome

The Punic Wars

A Powerful Man Emerges

The Fall Of The Republic

The Slow Move To Empire

The Roman Empire Starts

Great & Crazy Emperors

The Crisis Of The 3rd Century

The Fall Of The Western Roman Empire

Early Chinese Philosophy



Warring States Period

The Unification Of China Under Qin

The Qin Empire

The Fall Of The Qin Empire

The Chu-Han Contention

The Han Dynasty

Political Power In The Han Dynasty

The Xin & Eastern Han Dynasties

The End Of The Han Dynasty

Long Era Of Instability

Sui Dynasty

Indian Empires

The Decline Of Classical India

Beyond The Classical Civilizations


The following are a list of helpful resources that can be used in studying for this chapter.

Class Notes

These are the notes that I use for class. All information found in these notes lead directly to the test so they should be used in studying if you want the correct answers. This can only be accessed by students logged into their school account.

Chapter Powerpoint

This link will lead you to the PowerPoint for this unit. Those who missed class can use this to catch up on what was taught in class and what specific concepts to focus on in your studying.

Exam Review

This is the review that should be used to prepare for the exam. All exam questions will be connected directly to this document. Students are expected to answer all questions and are encouraged to know the rest also.

Review Videos

The videos to the right are placed here so that you can find other ways to study if that is your desire. Crash course videos tend to work pretty well for this type of studying as many of the AP World students use them to prep for tests. Please feel free to click on any of the videos in this feed for more info.