Chapter 13
Unit 4 World History
The Battle of  the Pyramids by Louis-Francois Baron Lejeune. (Public Domain photo. Info can be found here)
The Haitian army fighting the French in the Battle at San Domingo. (Public Domain photo. Info can be found here)
After the American and French Revolutions, many of the ideas that were prominent in those movements set off movements in other areas of the world. This chapter starts off covering the rise of abolitionist movements around the world as well as some well-known slave revolts. A few major names in history are discussed in the process of explaining this and we cover some of the consequences of these movements.

Next we cover the independence movements of both Europe and the Americas that often show influence from one of the two major revolutions from Ch. 11. The vast majority of the names of these movements (from Garibaldi to Bolivar) are towering figures in history that are often ignored in curriculums in the United States. After these independence movements succeeded, these new countries would experience major turmoil in the creation of new governments due to regionalism and other differences among these new countries. These issues would prove much too challenging in most places and the new countries would break into those that we see on the maps currently.

Essential questions

The following questions are meant to be studied during the chapter as possible essay questions for your exam.
Please be ready for any of the following questions.
  1. Which of the unification movements of the 1870’s was more difficult in your belief? Why?
  2. Why is France such a dynamic country in reference to how it treated its slaves?
  3. Why was the role of the Criollos vital in the Independence movements of Latin American countries?
  4. Why was the role of William Wilberforce so important despite not actually achieving his goal personally?

Chapter Content

Use the following links to find the content you are interested in or use the search bar at the top right to look for specific concepts.

World’s 1st Civil Rights Movement 

Thomas-Alexandre Dumas

The Downfall Of Dumas

Life in the West Indies

Haitian Revolution

Other attempted revolts

The Start of True Abolition

Abolition in Brazil

Issues In Spain Start Independence Movements

The Mexican War of Independence

Independence of Gran Columbia

Independence of Brazil

New Nations Confront Old & New Problems

Creating a New Mexico

French Invasion Of Mexico

Government Drama in Brazil

The Unification Of The German Empire

The Italian Risorgimento


The following are a list of helpful resources that can be used in studying for this chapter.

Class Notes

These are the notes that I use for class. All information found in these notes lead directly to the test so they should be used in studying if you want the correct answers. This can only be accessed by students logged into their school account.

Chapter Powerpoint

This link will lead you to the PowerPoint for this unit. Those who missed class can use this to catch up on what was taught in class and what specific concepts to focus on in your studying.

Exam Review

This is the review that should be used to prepare for the exam. All exam questions will be connected directly to this document. Students are expected to answer all questions and are encouraged to know the rest also.

Review Videos

The videos to the right are placed here so that you can find other ways to study if that is your desire. Crash course videos tend to work pretty well for this type of studying as many of the AP World students use them to prep for tests. Please feel free to click on any of the videos in this feed for more info.